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Table 1 Composition of the basal diet in each feeding phase

From: Effect of dietary arginine to lysine ratios on productive performance, meat quality, plasma and muscle metabolomics profile in fast-growing broiler chickens

Items 0–12 d 13–22 d 23–33 d 34–43 d
Ingredients, g/100 g
 Corn 33.4 36.7 19.2 15.0
 White corn 0.00 0.00 15.0 18.1
 Wheat 20.0 20.0 25.0 30.0
 Vegetable oil 2.45 2.68 3.61 3.97
 Soybean meal 48% 18.2 20.2 14.2 9.33
 Full-fat soybean 10.0 10.0 15.0 15.0
 Concentrated SBM 5.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
 Corn gluten 2.00 2.00 0.00 0.00
 Pea 3.00 3.00 3.00 3.00
 Sunflower 2.00 2.00 2.00 3.00
 Lysine sulphate 0.54 0.53 0.46 0.43
DL-Methionine 0.29 0.00 0.00 0.00
 Methionine hydroxy analogue 0.00 0.32 0.33 0.26
L-Threonine 0.12 0.11 0.10 0.08
 Choline chloride 0.10 0.10 0.05 0.00
 Calcium carbonate 0.53 0.52 0.60 0.69
 Dicalcium phosphate 1.29 0.80 0.47 0.21
 Sodium chloride 0.29 0.30 0.23 0.21
 Sodium bicarbonate 0.05 0.05 0.15 0.25
 Premix vit.-min.1 0.54 0.46 0.38 0.30
 Phytase 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05
 Xylanase 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05
 Emulsifier 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08
Proximate composition
 AME, MJ/kg 13.0 13.2 13.7 13.9
 Dry mattera, % 88.8 88.2 88.5 88.5
 Crude proteina, % 23.2 22.8 19.8 18.2
 Total lipida, % 6.25 6.51 8.29 8.64
 Crude fiber, % 2.96 2.92 2.99 3.08
 Asha, % 5.24 4.60 4.29 4.03
 Ca (total), % 0.77 0.62 0.55 0.50
 P (total), % 0.61 0.51 0.44 0.38
 Dig. Lysinea, % 1.25 1.15 1.05 0.94
 Dig. Argininea, % 1.32 1.21 1.11 1.00
 Dig. Met. + Cysa, % 0.93 0.85 0.79 0.70
 Dig. Threoninea, % 0.81 0.75 0.68 0.61
 Dig. Valinea, % 0.94 0.87 0.79 0.72
 Dig. Isoleucinea, % 0.84 0.77 0.70 0.63
 Dig. Arg:Lys 1.05 1.05 1.06 1.07
 Dig. Lys:AME, g/MJ 0.96 0.87 0.77 0.68
  1. 1 Provided the following per kg of starter diet: vitamin A (retinyl acetate), 13,000 IU; vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol), 4000 IU; vitamin E (DL-α-tocopheryl acetate), 80 IU; vitamin K (menadione sodium bisulfite), 3 mg; riboflavin, 6.0 mg; pantothenic acid, 6.0 mg; niacin, 20 mg; pyridoxine, 2 mg; folic acid, 0.5 mg; biotin, 0.10 mg; thiamine, 2.5 mg; vitamin B12 20 μg; Mn, 100 mg; Zn, 85 mg; Fe, 30 mg; Cu, 10 mg; I, 1.5 mg; Se, 0.2 mg; ethoxyquin, 100 mg
  2. aAnalysed values. Amino acid concentration of the experimental diets was analyzed by AMINOLab® (Evonik Industries, Hanau, Germany). Digestible amino acid (dig.) values were calculated by multiplying digestibility coefficients [23] to the analyzed total amino acid content of each ingredient