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Table 4 Critical genes involved in fatty acid synthesis in porcine mammary gland

From: Recent progress of porcine milk components and mammary gland function

Functions Genes
FA uptake Very low density lipoprotein receptor, lipoprotein Lipase, fatty acid translocase/CD36
FA activation Acyl-CoA synthetase short-chain family member 2, Acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain family member 3
Intracellular transport Fatty acid-binding protein 3
De novo FA synthesis Acetyl-CoA carboxylase alpha, fatty acid synthase
FA elongation Elongation of very-long-chain fatty acids 1
FA desaturation Stearoyl-CoA desaturase, fatty acid desaturase 1
TAG synthesis Glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase, 1-acyl-sn-Glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase 1, lipin 1, Diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1
Lipid droplet formation Butyrophilin, dehydrogenase, adipophilin 2
Transcription factors and nuclear receptors Sterol response element binding protein 1, Cleavage-activating protein, insulin induced gene 1 or 2