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Table 6 Effect of C. butyricum (CB) supplementation on intestinal morphology of weaned pigs challenged with LPSd

From: Effects of dietary Clostridium butyricum supplementation on growth performance, intestinal development, and immune response of weaned piglets challenged with lipopolysaccharide

Items –LPS +LPS SEM P-value
CON CB CON CB CB LPS CB × LPS
Duodenum VH, μm 223.89b 277.70b 241.57b 340.81a 10.38 0.001 0.066 0.287
CD, μm 241.39 279.93 314.23 288.52 14.64 0.829 0.180 0.286
VH/CD 0.94ab 1.02ab 0.85b 1.25a 0.06 0.060 0.575 0.202
Jejunum VH, μm 201.46c 277.39a 226.91bc 251.38ab 7.40 0.003 0.985 0.097
CD, μm 171.26 171.24 198.06 174.73 7.61 0.452 0.331 0.453
VH/CD 1.20b 1.69a 1.19b 1.48ab 0.07 0.010 0.442 0.470
Ileum VH, μm 211.19ab 220.89ab 179.60b 248.97a 8.68 0.034 0.920 0.101
CD, μm 160.27 188.33 189.47 163.31 9.26 0.959 0.911 0.159
VH/CD 1.40 1.60 0.96 1.60 0.10 0.185 0.692 0.085
  1. a, b, cMeans in the same row with different superscript letters differ significantly (P < 0.05)
  2. dCON, piglets fed the basal diet; CB, piglets fed the basal diet supplemented with 0.4% C. butyricum preparation; −LPS, piglets not challenged with LPS; +LPS, piglets challenged with LPS