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Table 4 Effects of alginate oligosaccharide on the intestinal mucosal morphology of weaned pigsa

From: Alginate oligosaccharide-induced intestinal morphology, barrier function and epithelium apoptosis modifications have beneficial effects on the growth performance of weaned pigs

Item Treatmentb P-value
CON AOS
Duodenum
 Villus height, μm 407.63 ± 11.36 457.88 ± 17.07* 0.028
 Villus width, μm 132.26 ± 5.62 136.98 ± 7.61 0.626
 Crypt depth, μm 224.74 ± 4.17 226.91 ± 8.58 0.823
 Villus surface area, mm2 0.17 ± 0.01 0.20 ± 0.01 0.054
 Villus height:Crypt depth 1.81 ± 0.03 2.03 ± 0.08* 0.030
Jejunum
 Villus height, μm 408.75 ± 10.49 456.94 ± 12.07** 0.009
 Villus width, μm 109.22 ± 3.61 114.36 ± 5.18 0.429
 Crypt depth, μm 194.80 ± 1.95 189.25 ± 2.43 0.096
 Villus surface area, mm2 0.14 ± 0.01 0.16 ± 0.01* 0.031
 Villus height:Crypt depth 2.10 ± 0.06 2.41 ± 0.04** < 0.001
Ileum
 Villus height, μm 334.83 ± 2.86 351.34 ± 7.73 0.077
 Villus width, μm 113.17 ± 5.19 123.39 ± 5.07 0.180
 Crypt depth, μm 169.61 ± 5.19 174.41 ± 6.70 0.580
 Villus surface area, mm2 0.12 ± 0.01 0.14 ± 0.01 0.120
 Villus height:Crypt depth 2.01 ± 0.05 2.04 ± 0.09 0.793
  1. *P < 0.05 versus the CON group. **P < 0.01 versus the CON group
  2. aValues are the means of 8 replicates per treatment
  3. bCON, control (a corn-soybean basal diet); AOS, alginate oligosaccharide (the basal diet supplemented with 100 mg/kg alginate oligosaccharide)