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Table 5 Serum biochemical indices and cytokines levels. Data are presented as means (SD)a

From: Effects of dietary phosphorous supplementation on laying performance, egg quality, bone health and immune responses of laying hens challenged with Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide

NPP, % LPS Ca, mmol/L P, mmol/L ALP, IU/L ACTH, pg/mL CORT, nmol/L Insulin, μIU/mL IFNγ, pg/mL IL-1β, ng/mL IL-6, pg/mL
0.12 6.32 1.70 494.42 22.80 21.75 86.56 433.83 0.27 193.33
+ 4.30 0.95 736.08 31.42 82.35 62.09 417.76 0.53 481.61
0.40 6.07 1.71 642.22 24.24 15.41 71.10 500.70 0.23 304.63
+ 4.25 0.90 414.12 24.98 67.86 62.91 509.46 0.81 563.11
SEM   0.29 0.11 101.34 1.41 7.15 4.02 18.14 0.10 54.28
Main effect means
 NPP
  0.12   5.31 1.33 615.25 27.11 52.05 74.33 425.80c 0.39 321.45
  0.40   5.16 1.30 528.17 24.61 41.63 67.00 505.08b 0.52 433.87
 LPS
  –   6.20b 1.71b 568.32 23.52 18.58c 78.83b 467.27 0.24c 248.98c
  +   4.28c 0.92c 575.10 28.20 75.10b 62.50c 463.61 0.67b 526.89b
P-value
 NPP   0.715 0.858 0.686 0.348 0.099 0.329 0.033 0.468 0.311
 LPS   <0.001 <0.001 0.975 0.089 <0.001 0.039 0.916 0.026 0.009
 NPP × LPS   0.807 0.797 0.284 0.147 0.504 0.279 0.720 0.390 0.873
  1. aMeans were calculated on n = 5 replicates (one laying hens per replicate) per treatment
  2. b-cWithin comparisons, means in a column with no common superscripts differ significantly (P < 0.05)