Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Summary of research on the net energy content of ingredients conducted in the past decade (MJ/kg DM)

From: Methodologies on estimating the energy requirements for maintenance and determining the net energy contents of feed ingredients in swine: a review of recent work

Authors Ingredients Pigs NE NE/ME Methods
Hinson et al. (2009) [53] Soybean meal Growing 7.66 Comparative slaughter
Finishing 10.08
Low-oligosaccharide soybean meal Growing 9.14
Finishing 11.73
Glycerol Growing 13.44
Finishing 16.98
Kil et al. (2011) [34] Soybean oil Growing 20.19 Comparative slaughter
Finishing 19.33
Choice white grease Growing 25.05
Finishing 24.99
Kil et al. (2013) [35] Corn Growing 9.06 Comparative slaughter
Finishing 11.08
Stewart et al. (2013) [54] Soybean hulls Growing 1.67 Comparative slaughter
Finishing 4.01
Wheat middlings Growing 4.46
Finishing 4.72
Heo et al. (2014) [55] Canola meal (Brassica napus) Growing 8.80 69.8 Indirect calorimetry
Canola meal (Brassica juncea) 9.80 72.6
Graham et al. (2014) [39] Corn DDGS-high oil (12.1% oil)a Finishing 12.99 81.7 Estimating NE efficiency from a growth study
Corn DDGS-high oil (9.6% oil) 11.85 74.7
Corn DDGS-high oil (9.4% oil) 11.60 71.0
Corn DDGS-medium oil (7.6% oil) 10.61 75.3
Corn DDGS-low oil (5.4% oil) 9.61 66.0
Gutierrez et al. (2014) [36] Corn DDGS-BPXb Growing 8.78 Comparative slaughter
Finishing 8.46
Corn DDGS (13.0% oil) Growing 9.10
Finishing 11.57
High protein DDG Growing 9.68
Finishing 9.17
Liu et al. (2014 and 2015) [9, 10] (MAFIC work) Corn Growing 13.21 81.0 Indirect calorimetry
Soybean meal 10.62 64.3
Wheat bran 7.78 71.6
Wheat 11.44 74.6
Corn DDGS-high oil (10.6% oil) 10.21 66.5
Canola meal 8.38 72.0
Cottonseed meal 7.32 72.9
Li et al. (2017) [11] (MAFIC work) Corn DDGS-high oil (11.2% oil) Growing 10.47 70.0 Indirect calorimetry
Corn DDGS-high oil (10.7% oil) 10.98 77.0
Corn DDGS-medium oil (7.6% oil) 10.96 70.8
Corn DDGS-low oil (4.7% oil) 9.49 67.7
Corn DDGS-low oil (3.6% oil) 9.28 69.0
Velayudhan et al. (2015) [42] Dry extruded expelled SBM Growing 10.64 75.7 Indirect calorimetry
Li et al. (2018) [14](MAFIC work) Rice bran Growing 12.33 77.9 Indirect calorimetry
Corn germ meal 8.75 72.4
Corn gluten feed 7.51 78.5
Peanut meal 10.75 75.3
Sunflower meal 6.49 67.2
Li et al. (2017) [13](MAFIC work) Rapeseed meal-expeller press Growing 10.14 72.2 Indirect calorimetry
Rapeseed meal-expeller press 11.46 80.1
Rapeseed meal-solvent extracted 7.98 65.3
Rapeseed meal-solvent extracted 9.47 75.1
Rapeseed meal-solvent extracted 7.91 72.7
Li et al. (2017) [12] (MAFIC work) Corn Growing 12.46 78.3 Indirect calorimetry
Soybean meal 11.34 70.2
Rapeseed meal-expeller press 11.71 74.7
Rapeseed meal-solvent extracted 8.83 76.5
  1. aOil content as-fed basis;
  2. bCorn DDGS-BPX, uncooked corn distillers dried grains with solubles