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Table 9 Effects of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens on intestinal goblet cell density and mucin 2 and trefoil factor 3 contents of weanling piglets with intra-uterine growth retardation

From: Effects of dietary Bacillus amyloliquefaciens supplementation on growth performance, intestinal morphology, inflammatory response, and microbiota of intra-uterine growth retarded weanling piglets

Itemsa NBW-CON (NC group) IUGR-CON (IC group) IUGR-BA (IB group) SEM Contrast
NC vs. IC IC vs. IB
Jejunum Goblet cell densityb, n/100 μm of villus height 2.89 2.69 2.72 0.07 0.540 0.982
MUC2c, ng/mg protein 12.52 8.04 8.92 0.95 NS NS
TFF3b, ng/mg protein 107.69 83.22 93.88 3.72 0.012 0.340
Ileum Goblet cell densityb, n/100 μm of villus height 4.02 3.16 3.84 0.13 0.009 0.039
MUC2b, ng/mg protein 17.75 6.99 13.89 1.36 < 0.001 0.016
TFF3b, ng/mg protein 168.07 103.83 151.02 9.17 0.004 0.032
  1. aIUGR-BA piglets with intrauterine growth retardation fed the Bacillus amyloliquefaciens-supplemented diet, IUGR-CON piglets with intrauterine growth retardation fed the control diet, MUC2 mucin 2, NBW-CON piglets with normal birth weight fed the control diet, NS nonsignificant values after Kruskal–Wallis comparison test, TFF3 trefoil factor 3
  2. bOne-way ANOVA test. A value of P < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant
  3. cNon-parametric Kruskal-Wallis test. A value of P < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant