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Table 8 Effects of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens on intestinal immune status of weanling piglets with intra-uterine growth retardation

From: Effects of dietary Bacillus amyloliquefaciens supplementation on growth performance, intestinal morphology, inflammatory response, and microbiota of intra-uterine growth retarded weanling piglets

Itemsa NBW-CON (NC group) IUGR-CON (IC group) IUGR-BA (IB group) SEM Contrast
NC vs. IC IC vs. IB
Jejunum TNF-αb, pg/mg protein 0.90 1.61 0.84 0.13 0.038 0.024
IFN-γb, pg/mg protein 1.52 2.13 1.44 0.13 0.093 0.054
IL-1βb, pg/mg protein 4.37 8.56 5.49 0.64 0.011 0.062
IL-4b, pg/mg protein 1.26 1.27 1.54 0.08 0.998 0.406
IL-6b, pg/mg protein 1.71 3.10 2.34 0.29 0.120 0.495
IL-10b, pg/mg protein 19.09 14.40 22.22 1.30 0.227 0.029
MCP-1b, pg/mg protein 5.30 7.30 5.88 0.34 0.031 0.140
MPOc, IU/g protein 25.24 61.00 29.68 5.25 0.005 0.052
Ileum TNF-αb, pg/mg protein 1.20 1.68 1.00 0.10 0.082 0.012
IFN-γb, pg/mg protein 1.93 2.24 1.57 0.15 0.632 0.148
IL-1βc, pg/mg protein 6.66 13.78 7.06 1.17 0.092 0.080
IL-4b, pg/mg protein 0.79 0.80 1.06 0.06 0.999 0.211
IL-6b, pg/mg protein 1.80 1.84 2.03 0.15 0.994 0.872
IL-10c, pg/mg protein 22.38 12.30 25.76 1.79 0.028 0.004
MCP-1b, pg/mg protein 5.37 8.67 7.17 0.54 0.025 0.394
MPOb, IU/g protein 38.41 73.12 49.48 4.59 0.001 0.020
  1. aIFN-γ interferon gamma, IL-1β interleukin 1 beta, IL-4 interleukin 4; IL-6 interleukin 6, IL-10 interleukin 10, IUGR-BA piglets with intrauterine growth retardation fed the Bacillus amyloliquefaciens-supplemented diet, IUGR-CON piglets with intrauterine growth retardation fed the control diet, MCP-1 monocyte chemotactic protein 1, MPO myeloperoxidase, NBW-CON piglets with normal birth weight fed the control diet, TNF-α tumor necrosis factor alpha
  2. bOne-way ANOVA test. A value of P < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant
  3. cNon-parametric Kruskal-Wallis test. A value of P < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant