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Table 5 Effects of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens on intestinal morphology of weanling piglets with intra-uterine growth retardation

From: Effects of dietary Bacillus amyloliquefaciens supplementation on growth performance, intestinal morphology, inflammatory response, and microbiota of intra-uterine growth retarded weanling piglets

Itemsa NBW-CON (NC group) IUGR-CON (IC group) IUGR-BA (IB group) SEM Contrast
NC vs. IC IC vs. IB
Jejunum VHc, μm 498.79 389.69 443.27 14.48 0.004 0.433
CDb, μm 198.40 210.17 197.76 5.81 0.709 0.683
VH:CD ratiob, μm/μm 2.54 1.88 2.24 0.08 < 0.001 0.040
Ileum VHb, μm 414.52 352.21 400.62 9.12 0.005 0.029
CDc, μm 177.82 185.08 175.72 3.87 NS NS
VH:CD ratiob, μm/μm 2.34 1.92 2.30 0.07 0.035 0.063
  1. aCD crypt depth, IUGR-BA piglets with intrauterine growth retardation fed the Bacillus amyloliquefaciens-supplemented diet, IUGR-CON piglets with intrauterine growth retardation fed the control diet, NBW-CON piglets with normal birth weight fed the control diet, NS nonsignificant values after Kruskal–Wallis comparison test, VH villus height, VH:CD ratio the ratio of villus height to crypt depth
  2. bOne-way ANOVA test. A value of P < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant
  3. cNon-parametric Kruskal-Wallis test. A value of P < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant