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Table 3 Hormone and metabolic profiles in blood serum

From: GLP1 and GIP are involved in the action of synbiotics in broiler chickens

Items Control Synbiotic 1 Synbiotic 2
Insulin, nmol/L 0.184 ± 0.027 0.167 ± 0.032 0.251 ± 0.058
Glucagon, nmol/L 0.088 ± 0.010 0.091 ± 0.019 0.087 ± 0.020
Insulin/Glucagon, mol/mol 2.592 ± 0.812 2.372 ± 0.699 3.459 ± 0.770
Corticosterone, ng/mL 96.21 ± 3.10 101.7 ± 11.34 97.62 ± 6.01
Leptin, ng/mL 0.170 ± 0.047 0.139 ± 0.012 0.161 ± 0.019
Total T4, ng/mL 19.35 ± 1.59 16.75 ± 0.75 16.99 ± 1.08
Free T4, pg/mL 8.827 ± 1.703 10.350 ± 1.071 8.575 ± 1.110
Total T3, ng/mL 0.774 ± 0.150 0.971 ± 0.227 0.761 ± 0.164
Free T3, pg/mL 1.847 ± 0.126 2.270 ± 0.272 1.684 ± 0.132
Glucose, mg/dL 206.40 ± 1.51 201.91 ± 2.53 198.48 ± 5.34
NEFA, mmol/L 0.56 ± 0.02 0.68 ± 0.03 0.56 ± 0.02
Triglycerides, mg/dL 115.61 ± 11.19 124.20 ± 8.71 106.62 ± 8.36
Total cholesterol, mg/dL 121.53 ± 2.28 117.95 ± 9.46 119.28 ± 6.57
Free cholesterol, mg/dL 10.06 ± 0.97 10.57 ± 3.32 9.53 ± 1.66
  1. Results are means ± SEM (n = 8)