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Table 6 Effect of Bacillus coagulans on intestinal bacterial concentration and liver Clostridium perfrigens numbers of broiler chickens challenged with NE (n = 6)

From: Effects of Bacillus coagulans supplementation on the growth performance and gut health of broiler chickens with Clostridium perfringens-induced necrotic enteritis

  Cecal bacterial counts Liver Clostridium perfrigens
Items NEe Escherichia coli Clostridium perfrigens Lactobacillus Bifidobacterium  
d 28 d 35 d 42 d 28 d 35 d 42 d 28 d 35 d 42 d 28 d 35 d 42 d 28 d 35 d 42
Bacillus coagulans, mg/kg
 0 7.42 7.50 7.63 4.60c 4.77 4.75c 8.03 8.70 7.95 8.28 8.64 8.40 0.00c 0.00c 0.00c
 0 + 7.57 7.77 7.66 7.06a 6.87 7.18a 8.01 7.48 7.98 8.27 7.61 8.24 3.28a 2.71a 2.20a
 400 7.30 7.10 7.19 4.39c 4.43 4.62c 8.44 8.76 8.16 9.05 8.80 8.43 0.00c 0.00c 0.00c
 400 + 7.32 7.38 7.40 5.73b 5.97 5.72b 8.43 8.06 8.20 8.97 8.16 8.43 1.56b 1.26b 0.69b
 SEMf   0.092 0.044 0.078 0.027 0.043 0.039 0.062 0.091 0.072 0.084 0.076 0.091 0.021 0.022 0.018
Main effect
 400   7.31 7.24b 7.30b 5.56 5.20b 5.16 8.43a 8.41 8.81 9.01a 8.48a 8.43 0.78 0.63 0.35
 0   7.50 7.64a 7.65a 5.83 5.82a 5.97 8.02b 8.09 7.97 8.27b 8.13b 8.32 1.64 1.36 1.10
 Challenged   7.45 7.58c 7.53 6.40 6.67c 6.95 8.22 7.77b 8.09 8.62 7.88d 8.34 2.42 1.99 1.35
 Non-challenged   7.36 7.30d 7.41 4.50 4.60d 4.68 8.23 8.73a 8.05 8.66 8.72c 8.41 0.00 0.00 0.00
P-valuesg
Bacillus coagulans   0.332 <0.001 0.041 <0.001 <0.001 0.001 0.003 0.105 0.152 <0.001 0.032 0.568 0.004 0.007 0.008
 Challenged   0.631 0.011 0.457 <0.001 <0.001 0.003 0.911 <0.001 0.785 0.792 <0.001 0.684 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
 Challenged ×Bacillus coagulans   0.735 0.934 0.586 0.029 0.051 0.004 0.992 0.173 0.964 0.828 0.234 0.689 0.032 0.017 0.021
  1. a,b,c,d Means within the same column with different superscripts differ significantly (P < 0.05)
  2. eNE = Co-challenged with Eimeria spp. and Clostridium perfringens; −, without NE challenge; +, with NE challenge
  3. fSEM, standard error of the mean
  4. gP-values represent the main effect of the diet, the main effect of NE challenge, and the interaction between the dietary treatments and NE challenge