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Table 1 Ingredients and nutrient composition of the experimental diets (as-fed basis)

From: Alfalfa-containing diets alter luminal microbiota structure and short chain fatty acid sensing in the caecal mucosa of pigs

Item Level of alfalfa meal, %
0 5 10 15
Ingredient, %
 Corn 71.10 64.97 58.00 52.54
 Soybean meal 25.00 24.60 25.00 24.00
 Alfalfa meala 0.00 5.00 10.00 15.00
 Soybean oil 0.52 2.20 3.99 5.58
 Limestone 1.16 1.00 0.88 0.72
 Dicalcium phosphate 0.70 0.70 0.65 0.65
 Sodium chloride 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30
 L-Lysine 0.24 0.24 0.21 0.22
 L-Threonine 0.08 0.08 0.06 0.07
 L-Tryptophan 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02
 DL-Methionine 0.07 0.08 0.08 0.09
 Vitamin-mineral premixb 0.81 0.81 0.81 0.81
Energy and Nutrient compositionc
 DM, % 88.25 88.71 89.24 89.75
 CP, % 16.93 17.54 17.89 17.61
 NDF, % 12.92 14.71 16.10 18.21
 ADF, % 5.88 6.21 7.45 8.44
 Lys, % 1.12 1.16 1.11 1.17
 Met + Cys, % 0.60 0.64 0.65 0.71
 Try, % 0.18 0.20 0.19 0.18
 Thr, % 0.76 0.80 0.77 0.80
 NE, kcal/kg 2475 2475 2475 2475
 Soluble dietary fiber, % 1.82 1.51 2.04 2.18
 Insoluble dietary fiber, % 12.66 13.02 14.82 16.80
 Total dietary fiber, % 14.48 14.52 16.86 18.98
  1. aAlfalfa meal: 91.3% DM, 16.5% CP, 50.6% NDF, 34.3% ADF, 12.5% crude ash
  2. bThis vitamin-mineral premix supplied per kg diet as follows: vitamin A as retinyl acetate, 4000 IU; vitamin D3 as cholecalciferol, 1000 IU, vitamin E as DL-alpha tocopheryl acetate, 10 IU; vitamin K3 as menadione nicotinamide bisulfite, 1.25 mg; thiamine as thiamine mononitrate, 0.5 mg; riboflavin, 2.1 mg; pyridoxine as pyridoxine hydrocloride, 1 mg; vitamin B12, 0.007 mg; D-pantothenic acid as D-calcium pantothenate, 6 mg; niacin as nicotinamide and nicotinic acid, 12 mg; folic acid, 0.25 mg; biotin, 0.02 mg; Cu, 10 mg as copper sulfate; Fe, 75 mg as iron sulfate; I, 0.025 mg as potassium iodate; Mn, 10 mg as manganese sulfate; Se, 0.02 mg as sodium selenite; Zn, 45 mg as zinc oxide; choline chloride (50%), 1.2 g; sweeteners, 0.1 g; feed flavor, 0.1 g; phytase, 0.1 g
  3. cThe NE is calculated, whereas all other values are analyzed