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Table 1 Treatment effects on fetuses from Experiment 1

From: Glucosamine supplementation during late gestation alters placental development and increases litter size

  Glucosaminea Glucose
Variable Large Small Large Small
Fetal weight, gb 1017 ± 52 529 ± 52 1076 ± 49 639 ± 49
Placental weight, g 231 ± 13 108 ± 13 219 ± 13 129 ± 13
Serum glucose, mmol/L 1.8 ± 0.2 1.7 ± 0.2 1.9 ± 0.2 1.7 ± 0.2
Serum fructose, mmol/Lc 6.7 ± 0.6 5.6 ± 0.6 7.7 ± 0.5 6.7 ± 0.5
Placental hyaluronan, mg/g tissued 1.06 ± 0.11 0.87 ± 0.11 1.08 ± 0.10 1.18 ± 0.10
  1. aNumber of observations is 16 for glucosamine and 17 for glucose. Least squares means for fetal weight, placental weight, serum glucose and fructose and placental hyaluronan for the smallest and largest fetus in glucosamine and glucose-treated gilts from Exp. 1 are presented
  2. bEffect of fetal size (P < 0.01)
  3. cEffect of fetal size (P < 0.05)
  4. dPlacental hyaluronan results from one sow with very high hyaluronan (> 3 standard deviations above mean) were deleted from the analysis