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Table 7 Effect of synbiotics injected in ovo on the ileum morphology of chickens at 1st and 42nd d of age

From: The impact of synbiotic administration through in ovo technology on the microstructure of a broiler chicken small intestine tissue on the 1st and 42nd day of rearing

Item Day
1 42
Villus height, μm
 Control 295.04 ± 9.16 933.31 ± 43.10
 SYN1 298.67 ± 10.86 847.78 ± 50.01
 SYN2 289.81 ± 9.09 949.05 ± 38.70
Villus width, μm
 Control 46.42 ± 1.29b 162.69 ± 5.58
 SYN1 46.62 ± 1.34b 166.18 ± 4.45
 SYN2 50.85 ± 1.66a 161.32 ± 5.30
Villus surface area, μm2
 Control 43,547.4 ± 2124.7 471,197.5 ± 20,933.6
 SYN1 44,138.3 ± 2318.3 445,293.0 ± 27,184.3
 SYN2 45,834.9 ± 1735.9 484,522.9 ± 26,619.7
Crypt depth, μm   
 Control 46.14 ± 0.77B 91.28 ± 2.59B
 SYN1 38.55 ± 0.85C 116.81 ± 3.18A
 SYN2 50.14 ± 0.98A 117.39 ± 5.53A
No. of neutral goblet cells/1mm2
 Control 974 ± 50.59b 263 ± 26.05
 SYN1 1129 ± 61.42a 358 ± 40.66
 SYN2 678 ± 19.60c 285 ± 37.21
  1. a-cDifference (P ≤ 0.05), A-Cdifference (P ≤ 0.01) between treatments (vertical), Means ± SEM representing 15 birds. SYN 1 - L. salivarius IBB3154 + Bi2tos, Clasado Ltd., SYN 2 - L. plantarum IBB3036 + lupin RFOs