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Table 5 Effect of synbiotics injected in ovo on the duodenum morphology of chickens at 1st and 42nd day of age

From: The impact of synbiotic administration through in ovo technology on the microstructure of a broiler chicken small intestine tissue on the 1st and 42nd day of rearing

Item Day
1 42
Villus height, μm
 Control 529.96 ± 19.96B 1889.79 ± 39.79
 SYN1 603.47 ± 12.39A 1940.95 ± 36.10
 SYN2 594.37 ± 17.07A 1880.52 ± 30.88
Villus width, μm
 Control 62.88 ± 1.62B 188.59 ± 5.13B
 SYN1 75.72 ± 1.23A 216.69 ± 8.05A
 SYN2 73.96 ± 1.71A 202.13 ± 5.45AB
Villus surface area, μm2
 Control 106,267 ± 6158.5B 1123,441 ± 39,725.1B
 SYN1 144,041 ± 4238.0A 1323,359 ± 58,298.1A
 SYN2 139,322 ± 5970.8A 1187,036 ± 32,976.4AB
Crypt depth, μm
 Control 49.95 ± 2.13AB 136.82 ± 3.54B
 SYN1 45.81 ± 1.89B 189.31 ± 4.26A
 SYN2 53.97 ± 1.27A 138.47 ± 2.30B
No. of neutral goblet cells/1 mm2
 Control 808 ± 49.08A 134 ± 8.78
 SYN1 526 ± 21.30B 116 ± 4.85
 SYN2 456 ± 14.28C 133 ± 3.63
  1. A-CDifference (P ≤ 0.01) between treatments (vertical), Means ± SEM representing 15 birds. SYN 1 - L. salivarius IBB3154 + Bi2tos, Clasado Ltd., SYN 2 - L. plantarum IBB3036 + lupin RFOs