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Table 2 Analyzed nutrient composition of fermented inoculated and uninoculated feed, as air-dry basis1

From: Solid-state fermentation of corn-soybean meal mixed feed with Bacillus subtilis and Enterococcus faecium for degrading antinutritional factors and enhancing nutritional value

Item Inoculated feed Uninoculated feed2 AA compositon Inoculated feed Uninoculated feed
DM,% 88.06 ± 1.02 89.09 ± 1.67 Indispensable AA, %  
CP,% 27.61 ± 2.73a 24.03 ± 1.93b Arg 1.01 ± 0.15b 1.17 ± 0.19a
TCA-SP,% 8.85 ± 1.19a 1.18 ± 0.12b His 0.58 ± 0.08 0.52 ± 0.11
Fat,% 3.37 ± 0.65 3.67 ± 0.73 Ile 0.78 ± 0.13 0.78 ± 0.16
NDF,% 8.33 ± 0.95b 13.64 ± 0.99a Leu 1.50 ± 0.18 1.46 ± 0.23
ADF,% 3.58 ± 0.40 3.49 ± 0.76 Lys 1.17 ± 0.08a 0.99 ± 0.10b
Hemicellulose3,% 4.75 ± 0.87b 10.15 ± 0.56a Met 0.26 ± 0.05 0.23 ± 0.07
Ash,% 4.71 ± 0.51a 3.77 ± 0.38b Phe 1.78 ± 0.26a 0.86 ± 0.13b
Ca,% 0.18 ± 0.03 0.17 ± 0.02 Thr 0.79 ± 0.12 0.75 ± 0.09
Total P,% 0.55 ± 0.05 0.49 ± 0.07 Val 1.06 ± 0.12 1.04 ± 0.17
Phytate P,% 0.21 ± 0.04b 0.39 ± 0.04a Dispensable AA,%  
    Asp 1.68 ± 0.10b 1.92 ± 0.17a
    Ser 0.79 ± 0.14 0.75 ± 0.16
    Glu 3.23 ± 0.58 3.49 ± 0.44
    Gly 0.85 ± 0.18 0.80 ± 0.13
    Ala 0.98 ± 0.16 0.94 ± 0.10
    Cys 0.48 ± 0.05a 0.38 ± 0.06b
    Tyr 1.40 ± 0.21a 0.67 ± 0.09b
    Pro 1.09 ± 0.17 1.17 ± 0.21
    Total AA 19.56 ± 2.33 18.12 ± 2.47
  1. 1Values are means of three replicates per treatment. Means in a row without common superscript differ significantly (P < 0.05)
  2. 2Uninoculated feed: sterile medium was added to mixed feed (45% corn, 45% soybean meal and 10% wheat bran) instead of inoculated bacteria, other experimental procedures were the same as those of inoculated feed
  3. 3Hemicellulose = NDF-ADF