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Table 4 Fecal titanium (mg/g fecal DM) of growing pigs during Phase-2 when fed different diets during Phase-1 and Phase-2

From: Disappearance and appearance of an indigestible marker in feces from growing pigs as affected by previous- and current-diet composition

Phase × diet combinations Collection dayb
Phase-1 Phase-2 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
CSa CS LOQc LOQ 7.3 22.0 25.9 28.1 27.4 24.8
CS DDGS LOQ LOQ LOQ 15.4 15.9 17.9 18.3 16.1
CS DDC LOQ LOQ 10.1 45.6 56.7 60.6 58.1 58.8
DDGS CS LOQ LOQ 9.2 22.9 25.6 25.5 26.2 25.7
DDGS DDGS LOQ LOQ 6.5 16.8 16.1 17.2 18.7 16.4
DDGS DDC LOQ LOQ LOQ 34.9 55.6 59.8 61.4 62.1
DDC CS LOQ LOQ 10.0 24.2 22.2 23.2 23.8 23.4
DDC DDGS LOQ LOQ 9.7 17.3 17.9 17.6 18.9 19.1
DDC DDC LOQ LOQ 26.5 50.4 64.0 65.3 65.2 68.3
SE 0.11 0.58 2.82 1.87 2.06 2.16 1.81 2.06
Interaction P value 0.01 0.83 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
Main effect of Phase-1 diet         
Phase-1 Phase-2         
CS CS/DDGS/DDC LOQ LOQ 8.2 26.6 31.4 33.1 32.2 31.1
DDGS CS/DDGS/DDC LOQ LOQ 6.1 23.5 32.1 33.2 34.2 34.0
DDC CS/DDGS/DDC LOQ LOQ 15.7 31.8 33.6 35.7 34.8 37.9
SE 0.06 0.20 2.62 3.67 4.74 3.99 5.08 5.31
P value 0.01 0.01 0.03 0.22 0.93 0.88 0.91 0.61
Main effect of Phase-2 diet         
Phase-1 Phase-2         
CS/DDGS/DDC CS LOQ LOQ 9.9 23.1 24.8 25.5 26.1 25.3
CS/DDGS/DDC DDGS LOQ LOQ 10.0 17.4 18.9 19.8 19.9 19.7
CS/DDGS/DDC DDC LOQ LOQ 10.9 42.6 56.3 60.1 60.8 61.3
SE 0.17 0.36 2.86 1.52 0.70 0.81 0.78 0.76
P value 0.79 0.48 0.96 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
  1. a Abbreviations: CS corn-soybean meal based diet, DDGS corn-soybean meal-distillers dried grains based diet, DDC dehulled, degermed corn-soybean meal based diet. For Phase-1, ADFI from d 1 to 14 was 2.94, 2.79, and 2.66 kg (SE = 0.07 kg) for pigs fed the DDC, CS, and DDGS diets, respectively. For Phase-2, ADFI from d 14 to 28 was 2.91, 2.84, and 2.63 kg (SE = 0.21 kg) for pigs fed the DDC, CS, and DDGS diets, respectively
  2. bCollection day following change from Phase-1 to Phase-2 diet, with d 14 representing the first day of the diet containing the Ti marker was fed
  3. cLOQ = limit of quantitation; 6 mg Ti/kg. with ½ LOQ used for statistical analysis