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Table 3 Antioxidative peptides generated from the hydrolysis of animal proteins

From: Protein hydrolysates in animal nutrition: Industrial production, bioactive peptides, and functional significance

Source Protease(s) Amino acid sequence
Pig muscle actin Papain + Actinase E Asp-Ser-Gly-Val-Thr
Pig muscle Papain + Actinase E Ile-Glu-Ala-Glu-Gly-Glu
Pig muscle tropomyosin Papain + Actinase E Asp-Ala-Gln-Glu-Lys-Leu-Glu
Pig muscle tropomyosin Papain + Actinase E Glu-Glu-Leu-Asp-Asn-Ala-Leu-Asn
Pig muscle myosin Papain + Actinase E Val-Pro-Ser-Ile-Asp-Asp-Gln-Glu-Glu-Leu-Met
Pig collagen Pepsin + Papain + othersa Gln-Gly-Ala-Arg
Pig blood plasma Alcalase His-Asn-Gly-Asn
Chicken muscle --- His-Val-Thr-Glu-Glu
Chicken muscle --- Pro-Val-Pro-Val-Glu-Gly-Val
Deer muscle Papain Met-Gln-Ile-Phe-Val-Lys-Thr-Leu-Thr-Gly
Deer muscle Papain Asp-Leu-Ser-Asp-Gly-Glu-Gln-Gly-Val-Leu
Bovine milk casein Pepsin, pH 2, 24 h Tyr-Phe-Tyr-Pro-Glu-Leu
Bovine milk casein Pepsin, pH 2, 24 h Phe-Tyr-Pro-Glu-Leu
Bovine milk casein Pepsin, pH 2, 24 h Tyr-Pro-Glu-Leu
Bovine milk casein Pepsin, pH 2, 24 h Pro-Glu-Leu
Bovine milk casein Pepsin, pH 2, 24 h Glu-Leu
Bovine milk casein Trypsin, pH 7.8, 24–28 h Val-Lys-Glu-Ala-Met-Pro-Lys
Bovine milk casein Trypsin, pH 7.8, 24–28 h Ala-Val-Pro-Tyr-Pro-Gln-Arg
Bovine milk casein Trypsin, pH 7.8, 24–28 h Lys-Val-Leu-Pro-Val-Pro-Glu-Lys
Bovine milk casein Trypsin, pH 7.8, 24–28 h Val-Leu-Pro-Val-Pro-Glu-Lys
Bovine whey protein Thermolysin, 80 °C, 8 h Leu-Gln-Lys-Trp
Bovine whey protein Thermolysin, 80 °C, 8 h Leu-Asp-Thr-Asp-Tyr-Lys-Lys
Bovine β-Lactoglobulin Corolase PP, 37 °C, 24 h Trp-Tyr-Ser-Leu-Ala-Met-Ala-Ala-Ser-Asp-Ile
Bovine β-Lactoglobulin Corolase PP, 37 °C, 24 h Met-His-Ile-Arg-Leu
Bovine β-Lactoglobulin Corolase PP, 37 °C, 24 h Try-Val-Glu-Glu-Leu
Egg yolk Pepsin Tyr-Ile-Glu-Ala-Val-Asn-Lys-Val-Ser-Pro-Arg-Ala-Gly-Gln-Phe
Egg yolk Pepsin Tyr-Ile-Asn-Gln-Met-Pro-Gln-Lys-Ser-Arg-Glu
  1. Adapted from Ryder et al. [33], Zambrowicz et al. [34], Shimizu and Son [35], Bah et al. [36], Memarpoor-Yazdia et al. [37], and Power et al. [38]
  2. aBovine pancreatic proteases plus bacterial proteases from Streptomycest bacillus