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Table 4 Least squares means of immune biomarker concentrations in blood in transition cows supplemented with rumen-protected methionine (MET) or unsupplemented (CON) at -10, +7, and +30 d. This data only represents the subset of cows used for polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMNL) gene expression

From: Expression of fatty acid sensing G-protein coupled receptors in peripartal Holstein cows

Parameter Diet SEM1 P-value
MET CON Diet Time Diet × Time
IL-1β2 3.63a 5.74b 0.69 0.05 0.17 0.70
ROM 12.29a 14.20b 0.23 <0.01 <0.01 0.05
MPO 466.87a 405.18b 15.89 0.02 0.14 0.44
  1. a,bStatistical difference (P ≤ 0.05) among time points within the same group
  2. 1Largest standard error of the mean
  3. 2Significance (P < 0.05) for parity in the model