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Table 5 Differences in milk parameters among commercial farms and APP groups of animals with p-values and mean standard errors of the statistical analysis performed with SPSS package

From: Breed and adaptive response modulate bovine peripheral blood cells’ transcriptome

Italian Holstein
 Milk production data F1 F2 F3 APP- APP+ PFarm PAPP(Farm) MSE, %
 Milk yield, kg 39.5 37.3 33.0 40.7 32.6 0.231 0.086 4.90
 Fat, % 3.08 3.99 3.52 3.37 3.70 * 0.351 2.98
 Proteins, % 3.15 3.28 3.17 3.18 3.21 0.471 0.630 0.65
 Casein, % 2.50 2.55 2.53 2.53 2.52 0.837 0.601 0.57
 Urea, mg/dL 15.75 19.77 19.27 20.41 16.12 0.103 0.092 5.38
Italian Simmental
 Milk production data F4 F5 F6 APP- APP+ PFarm PAPP(Farm) MSE, %
 Milk yield, kg 22.4 33.8 28.3 29.5 26.7 ** 0.219 4.43
 Fat, % 3.80 3.35 3.27 3.34 3.61 0.208 0.503 3.94
 Proteins, % 3.77 3.32 3.31 3.47 3.47 *** 0.287 0.58
 Casein, % 2.88 2.62 2.56 2.70 2.66 ** 0.459 0.58
 Urea, mg/dL 21.62 19.57 20.68 23.12 18.12 0.453 *** 2.87
  1. (*: low significance [P ≤ 0.05]; **: high significance [P ≤ 0.01]; ***: very high significance [P ≤ 0.001])