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Table 4 Effects of liquid feeding ethanol byproducts on growth performance and water consumption of pigs1, 2

From: Effects of liquid feeding of corn condensed distiller’s solubles and whole stillage on growth performance, carcass characteristics, and sensory traits of pigs

Item Dietary treatment   
Treatment 1 (corn-soybean meal) Treatment 2 (5% CCDS + 25% CWS) Treatment 3 (10.5% CCDS + 19.5% CWS) Treatment 4 (graded level CCDS + graded level CWS) SEM3 P value
Body weight, kg
 d 1 13.4 13.6 13.6 13.5 0.7 1.00
 d 28 34.8 34.7 34.8 34.2 1.1 0.984
 d 84 84.8 A 80.0 B 79.9 B 78.8 B 1.5 0.010
 d 126 127.7 A 119.9 B 120.8 B 120.5 B 1.6 0.0002
Average daily gain, kg/d
 d 1–28 0.76 0.75 0.76 0.74 0.02 0.791
 d 28–84 0.89 A 0.81 B 0.81 B 0.80 B 0.02 0.004
 d 84–126 1.02 A 0.95 B 0.97 AB 0.99 AB 0.01 0.02
 d 1–126 0.91 A 0.84 B 0.85 B 0.85 B 0.01 0.003
Average daily feed intake (kg/d, 88% dry matter basis)
 d 1–28 1.15 Bb 1.28 A 1.27 A 1.25 ABa 0.04 0.008
 d 28–84 2.23 2.32 2.25 2.26 0.03 0.176
 d 84–126 3.70 3.74 3.65 3.66 0.001 0.113
 d 1–126 2.48 B 2.56 Aa 2.50 ABb 2.50 ABb 0.02 0.014
Feed conversion efficiency (weight gain : feed intake)
 d 1–28 0.67 A 0.59 B 0.60 B 0.59 B 0.01 <0.0001
 d 28–84 0.40 A 0.35 B 0.36 B 0.35 B 0.01 <0.0001
 d 84–126 0.28 0.25 0.27 0.27 0.004 0.225
 d 1–126 0.37 A 0.33 B 0.34 B 0.34 B 0.004 < 0.0001
Water disappearance during d 1–126 (l/pigd)
Water from feed 5.6 C 5.8 B 5.6 C 6.3 A 0.03 < 0.0001
Water from drinkers 2.0 1.3 1.5 1.8 0.3 0.391
Total water 7.6 ab 7.1 b 7.1 b 8.1 a 0.3 0.056
  1. 1 CCDS corn condensed distiller’s solubles, CWS corn whole stillage
  2. 2Means within a row without common upper case letters differ (P < 0.05). Means within a row without common lower case letters tend to differ (0.05 < P < 0.10)
  3. 3SEM listed in the table were calculated for each time point or period without consideration of repeated measures. When a repeated measures design was taken into consideration, SEM were 1.3, 0.02, 0.03, and 0.01for body weight, average daily gain, average daily feed intake, and gain to feed ratio, respectively