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Table 6 Effects of feeding HMB to lactating sows on HMB and amino acid metabolism in piglets during d 28 of lactation

From: Transfer of β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate from sows to their offspring and its impact on muscle fiber type transformation and performance in pigs

  CON HMB SEMa P value
HMB level
 Maternal milk, μmol/L 0.42 10.50 0.01 <0.001
 Piglet’ LD, nmol/g tissue 6.04 7.51 0.33 0.025
Plasma metabolite
 Insulin, μU/mL 20.98 23.98 1.05 0.078
 Glucose, mmol/L 7.71 9.77 0.46 0.029
 Urea, mmol/L 4.79 4.40 0.34 0.860
 Leucine, nmol/mL 155.6 227.7 20.8 0.044
 BCAA, nmol/mL 516.8 561.2 37.8 0.437
 EAA, nmol/mL 1,449 2,521 92 0.002
 NEAA, nmol/mL 2,389 2,690 182 0.319
  1. LD longissimus dorsi, BCAA branched-chain amino acids, EAA essential amino acid, NEAA nonessential amino acids, CON control, HMB β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate
  2. aPooled standard error of the mean (n = 10/treatment for maternal milk; n = 6/treatment for piglet’s LD and plasma metabolite)