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Fig. 1 | Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology

Fig. 1

From: Essential amino acid ratios and mTOR affect lipogenic gene networks and miRNA expression in bovine mammary epithelial cells

Fig. 1

Expression of genes involved in fatty acid (FA) activation and intracellular FA transport, de novo FA synthesis and FA desaturation, triacylglycerol synthesis, and regulation of transcription. Superscript letters denote significant differences among treatments (P < 0.05). OPAARMC = optimal amino acid with rapamycin (control); OPAA = optimal amino acid; LT2.1 = Lys:Thr at 2.1; LT1.3 = Lys:Thr at 1.3; LH3.0 = Lys:His at 3.05; LV1.6 = Lys:Val at 1.62. ACSS2 = acyl-CoA synthetase short-chain family member 2; ACSL1 = acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain family member 1; FABP3 = FA-binding protein, heart; ACACA = acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase alpha; FASN = FA synthase; SCD = stearoyl-CoA desaturase; AGPAT6 = 1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase 6; DGAT1 = diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1; LPIN1 = lipin 1; INSIG1 = insulin induced gene 1; SREBF1 = sterol regulatory element-binding transcription factor 1; PPARG = peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma; PPARD = peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor beta; NR1H3 = liver X receptor α; and RXRA = retinoid X receptor alpha

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