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Table 6 The relative expression of cytokines after low pH and lipopolysaccharides treatments in vitro

From: High-concentrate feeding upregulates the expression of inflammation-related genes in the ruminal epithelium of dairy cattle

Genes pH 7.4 pH 5.5 SEM P value
0 LPS, 10 μg/mL 0 LPS, 10 μg/mL pH LPS pH x LPS
IL-1β 1.13 2.75 0.62 2.36 0.259 0.104 0.001 0.103
IL-2 1.08 2.06 0.81 2.91 0.280 0.357 0.001 0.093
IL-6 0.91 1.66 1.43 1.62 0.106 0.107 0.007 0.068
IL-8 0.89 4.34 1.46 3.23 0.455 0.551 <0.001 0.088
IL-12 1.04 1.25 0.65 0.94 0.115 0.153 0.292 0.847
TNF 0.87 1.62 2.04 2.57 0.255 0.031 0.155 0.783
  1. x which means the interaction between two factors