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Table 4 Effect of camelina and flax seed in the diet of layer birds on egg fatty acid composition

From: Egg quality, fatty acid composition and immunoglobulin Y content in eggs from laying hens fed full fat camelina or flax seed

  Dietary Treatmentsd   P-Value
Egg lipids, % Control Camelina Flax Pooled SEM Diet Month Diet x Week
Palmitic acid (16:0) 25.42 25.80 24.86 0.30 0.09 0.33 0.59
Palmitoleic acid (16:1) 5.85 5.99 5.48 0.14 0.25 0.006 0.97
Stearic acid (18:0) 7.71 7.78 7.63 0.15 0.80 0.65 0.28
Oleic acid (18:1) 47.92a 45.52b 46.45b 0.47 0.004 0.25 0.90
Linoleic acid (18:2 n-6) 9.27 9.38 10.35 0.54 0.31 0.080 0.33
α-Linolenic acid (18:3 n-3) 0.42b 1.53a 1.49a 0.11 0.001 0.001 0.02
Eicosenoic acid (20:1) 0.31b 0.47a 0.28b 0.02 0.001 0.071 0.20
Arachidonic acid (20:4 n-6) 1.69a 1.31b 1.15b 0.08 0.0003 0.022 0.07
Docosapentaenoic (22:5 n-3) 0.06c 0.27a 0.19b 0.02 0.0001 0.009 0.81
Docosahexaenoic acid (22:6 n-3) 0.66b 1.25a 1.35b 0.05 0.0001 0.46 0.08
Total saturated fatty acids 33.62 34.06 32.96 0.33 0.085 0.465 0.39
Total monounsaturated fatty acids 54.08a 51.99b 52.22b 0.45 0.004 0.156 0.81
Total omega-6 fatty acids 11.10 10.82 11.72 0.53 0.482 0.689 0.24
Total omega-3 fatty acids 1.19b 3.12a 3.09a 0.17 0.001 0.005 0.03
Total omega-6:omega-3 5.99a 2.45b 2.80b 0.29 0.001 0.001 0.001
Total lipids, % 33.04 33.30 32.86 0.41 0.75 0.001 0.03
  1. a,b,cMeans within a row with no common superscripts differ significantly (P < 0.05). Pooled SEM = pooled standard error of mean. dControl, Camelina and Flax represent corn-soybean meal basal diet (Control); or basal diets containing camelina (Camelina) or flax seeds (Flax) at 10 %
  2. Total saturated fatty acids (14:0 + 16:0 + 18:0 + 20.0); Total monounsaturated fatty acids (16:1 + 18:1 + 20:1 + 22:1); Total n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (18:2 n-6 + 20:4 n-6 + 20:3 n-6 + 22:4 n-6 + 22:5 n-6); Total n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (18:3 n-3 + 22:5 n-3 + 22:6 n-3)