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Table 1 Percentage composition of the diet

From: Modified halloysite nanotubes reduce the toxic effects of zearalenone in gestating sows on growth and muscle development of their offsprings

Parameters Controlc Contaminated grainsc Contaminated grains + 1 % MHNTsc Lactation
Ingredient, %
 Control corn 62.40 31.20 31.20 63.80
 Contaminated corn - 31.20 31.20 -
 Soybean meal 16.00 16.00 16.00 20.00
 Wheat bran 18.00 18.00 17.00 -
 MHNTs - - 1.00 -
 Full-fat soybean - - - 12
 Limestone 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.93
 Dicalcium phosphate 1.10 1.10 1.10 1.77
 Salt 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50
 Vitamin and mineral premixa 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Analyzed composition
 Metabolizable energy, MJ/kga 11.90 11.84 11.75 12.90
 Crude protein 14.51 14.45 14.31 18.48
 Calcium 0.69 0.68 0.67 0.79
 Total phosphorus 0.61 0.61 0.60 0.64
 Lysine 0.65 0.67 0.66 0.98
 Tryptophan 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.23
 Threonine 0.52 0.52 0.52 0.69
 Methionine + Cystine 0.39 0.45 0.45 0.52
 Concentration of ZENc, mg/kg 0.03 2.77 2.76 0.01
  1. aProvided the following per kilogram of diet: Cu, 18.2 mg; Zn, 126.0 mg; Se, 0.3 mg; Mn, 50.5 mg; Fe, 150.3 mg; I, 0.4 mg; vitamin A, 11, 050 IU; vitamin D, 2,310 IU; vitamin E, 62.8 IU; vitamin K, 2.6 mg; riboflavin, 5.8 mg; pantothenic acid, 20 mg; niacin, 25 mg; vitamin B12, 326 μg; folate, 6.5 mg; pyridoxine, 1.8 mg; biotin, 350 μg; and thiamin, 1.9 mg
  2. bCalculated values according to the Tables of Feed Composition and Nutritive Values in China [42] in this study
  3. cControl: control diet; Contaminated grains: instead of 50 % moldy corn; Contaminated grains: instead of 50 % moldy corn + 1 % MHNTs; ZEN Zearalenone, MHNTs modified Halloysite nanotubes