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Table 3 Effects of Clostridium butyricum on jejunal mucosa cytokines in broilers1

From: Effects of dietary supplementation of probiotic, Clostridium butyricum, on growth performance, immune response, intestinal barrier function, and digestive enzyme activity in broiler chickens challenged with Escherichia coli K88

Items Age of (post-ch)2 Experimental treats Statistics
NC PC CB CS SEM P-value
TNF-α, ng/L 3d 53.80b 48.88b 76.66a 65.09ab 7.19 0.030
7d 65.29ab 53.88b 69.32a 61.51ab 4.72 0.040
14d 63.39 50.22 62.92 61.23 6.88 0.220
21d 50.56 35.28 54.46 56.92 6.92 0.110
IL-4, ng/L 3d 52.52 50.9 68.7 67.51 5.78 0.140
7d 68.23a 52.16b 62.91ab 57.03ab 3.55 0.030
14d 70.65a 50.46b 69.79a 59.78ab 4.26 0.010
21d 52.64 42.59 56.38 57.09 6.41 0.350
  1. a-cMeans in the same row with different superscript letters differ significantly (P < 0.05)
  2. 1Each mean represents 6 birds. NC = birds fed a basal diet without challenged with E. coli K88; PC = birds fed a basal diet and challenged with E. coli K88. CB = birds fed a basal diet including 2 × 107 CFU C. butyricum/kg of diet and challenged with E. coli K88. CS = birds fed a basal diet including 20 mg colistin sulfate/kg of diet and challenged with E. coli K88
  3. 2The days after challenging