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Table 3 Amino acid (AA) composition in copra and palm kernel ingredients (as-fed basis)1

From: Nutritional value of high fiber co-products from the copra, palm kernel, and rice industries in diets fed to pigs

Item Copra meal Copra expellers Palm kernel meal Palm kernel expellers Soybean meal
  % % of CP % % of CP % % of CP % % of CP % % of CP
Crude protein 22.00 - 20.20 - 13.60 - 14.30 - 47.73 -
Indispensable AA
 Arg 2.08 9.45 1.70 8.42 1.36 10.00 1.52 10.63 3.45 7.23
 His 0.35 1.59 0.29 1.44 0.17 1.25 0.20 1.40 1.28 2.68
 Ile 0.66 3.00 0.06 0.30 0.41 3.01 0.47 3.29 2.14 4.48
 Leu 1.20 5.45 1.19 5.89 0.71 5.22 0.82 5.73 3.62 7.58
 Lys 0.42 1.91 0.39 1.93 0.36 2.65 0.36 2.52 2.96 6.20
 Met 0.27 1.23 0.24 1.19 0.22 1.62 0.25 1.75 0.66 1.38
 Phe 0.79 3.59 0.79 3.91 0.47 3.46 0.53 3.71 2.40 5.03
 Thr 0.55 2.50 0.57 2.82 0.33 2.43 0.37 2.59 1.86 3.90
 Trp 0.15 0.68 0.15 0.74 0.05 0.37 0.12 0.84 0.66 1.38
 Val 0.97 4.41 0.91 4.50 0.57 4.19 0.65 4.55 2.23 4.67
Total 7.44 33.81 6.29 31.14 4.65 34.20 5.29 37.01 21.26 44.53
Dispensable AA
 Ala 0.85 3.86 0.79 3.91 0.46 3.38 0.53 3.71 2.06 4.32
 Asp 1.50 6.82 1.49 7.38 0.89 6.54 0.99 6.92 5.41 11.33
 Cys 0.28 1.27 0.26 1.29 0.17 1.25 0.17 1.19 0.70 1.47
 Glu 3.34 15.18 3.43 16.98 2.02 14.85 2.29 16.01 8.54 17.89
 Gly 0.82 3.73 0.82 4.06 0.53 3.90 0.58 4.06 1.99 4.17
 Pro 0.60 2.73 0.63 3.12 0.36 2.65 0.40 2.80 2.53 5.30
 Ser 0.71 3.23 0.77 3.81 0.44 3.24 0.50 3.50 2.36 4.94
 Tyr 0.41 1.86 0.54 2.67 0.29 2.13 0.29 2.03 1.59 3.33
Total 8.51 38.68 8.73 43.22 5.16 37.94 5.75 40.22 25.18 52.75
All AA
Arg:Lys, % 4.95 - 4.36 - 3.78 - 4.22 - 1.17 -
  1. 1References [9, 10, 15]