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Table 1 Energy and nutrient composition and physical characteristics of copra and palm kernel ingredients (as-fed basis)1

From: Nutritional value of high fiber co-products from the copra, palm kernel, and rice industries in diets fed to pigs

   Ingredient  
Item2 Copra meal Copra expellers Palm kernel expellers Palm kernel meal Soybean meal
Dry matter, % 92.9 89.9 91.9 91.9 90.0
Bulk density, g/L 502.4 - 634.1 401.0 -
Water binding capacity, g/g 4.18 - 1.83 2.17 -
Gross energy, MJ/kg 18.6 18.0 18.8 17.8 17.8
DE, MJ/kg 14.4 15.8 12.1 11.3 15.2
ME, MJ/kg 13.6 15.1 11.7 10.6 13.8
NE, MJ/kg 7.3 - 8.1 6.9 8.7
Crude protein, % 22.0 20.2 14.3 13.6 47.7
Acid hydrolyzed ether extract, % 1.9 7.1 6.9 1.3 2.9
Neutral detergent fiber, % 54.8 54.4 70.6 77.9 8.2
Acid detergent fiber, % 26.9 29.6 43.0 49.4 5.3
Insoluble dietary fiber, % 41.4 - 60.9 68.7 16.7
Soluble dietary fiber, % 5.5 - 2.6 2.2 -
Total dietary fiber, % 46.9 - 63.5 70.9 -
  1. 1References [6, 9, 10, 15]