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Table 1 The strains and probiotic characteristics of reported L. reuteri

From: Study and use of the probiotic Lactobacillus reuteri in pigs: a review

Strain Source Characteristics Reference
L. reuteri I5007 piglets strong adhesion, competitiveness against pathogens; improved pig performance, immune function and antioxidant status; alleviated the weaning stress syndrome; modulated gut microflora [21,35,46-48,50,52]
L. reuteri NCIMB 30242 pig improve gastrointestinal health; inhibite sterol absorption; increase mean circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D [61-63]
L. reuteri ATCC 53608 pig recognize immunoglobulins [24,41]
L. reuteri BSA131 pig resistance to pH, oxgall and antibiotics, and antimicrobial activities against enteric pathogenic, improved pig performance [12]
L. reuteri Pg4 broilers tolerate acid and bile salts; inhibit pathogenic bacteria; adhere to intestinal epithelial cells; improved broiler performance [17]
L. reuteri ATCC 55730 breast milk colonize the intestinal tract; resistance to tetracycline and lincomycin; maintain intestinal health; prevent diarrhea; modulate the immune system; used in treatment of Helicobacter pylori [13,14,64,65]
L. reuteri DSM 17938 ATCC 55730 a daughter strain derived from ATCC 55730 and has the same properties as ATCC 55730 [42]
L. reuteri ATCC PTA 4659 breast milk partly prevent diet-induced obesity possibly via the mechanism of inducing liver expression of Cpt1a. [66]
L. reuteri ATCC PTA 6475 breast milk protect mice from disease manifestations of enterohemorrhagic E. coli [67]
L. reuteri ATCC PTA 5289 oral cavity improve oral malodour; reduce the number of selected periodontal pathogens in the subgingival microbiota [68,69]
L. reuteri DPC16 human feces produce reuterin [29]
L. reuteri DSM 20016 human feces produce reuterin [30]
L. reuteri JCM 1112 human feces produce reuterin and cobalamin [31]
L. reuteri RC-14 human vagina produce hydrogen peroxide; adhere to uroepithelial cells and inhibit uropathogens; modulate immunity [28,70]
L. reuteri GMN-32 - regulate blood glucose levels, protect cardiomyocytes and prevent diabetic cardiomyopathy in diabetes mellitus rats [71]
L. reuteri DSMZ 17648 - reduce the load of Helicobacter pylori [72]
L. reuteri GMNL-263 - ameliorate hepatic steatosis observed in high fructose treated rats; protect streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats from hyperglycemia-enhanced renal fibrosis [73,74]
L. reuteri R2 - strong inhibitory activity against the dermatophyte Trichophyton tonsurans [75]
L. reuteri TD1 rat not produce reuterin, exhibit a similar onset of type 1 diabetes [76]
L. reuteri 100-23 rat stimulate the development of regulatory T cells; transiently activates intestinal epithelial cells [36,77]
L. reuteri BR11 guinea pig unique antioxidant properties, show promise in the treatment of experimental colitis [37]
L. reuteri CRL1098 sourdough produce vitamin B12 [34]
L. reuteri LTH2584 sourdough produce reutericyclin [32]
  1. Note: L. reuteri I5007, initially known as L. fermentum I5007; L. reuteri BR1, initially known as L. fermentum BR11; L. reuteri RC-14, initially known as L. fermentum RC-14.