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Table 5 Effect of ginger herb and its essential oil on antioxidant parameters and malondialdehyde in the erythrocytes, serum and liver of broilers raised under heat stress 1

From: Essential oil and aromatic plants as feed additives in non-ruminant nutrition: a review

Item Control VE 100 H 7.5 H 15 EO 75 EO150 SEM P
Erythrocytes         
 Glutathione Peroxidase, U/mg Hb 35 36.6 36.9 36 34.5 34.8 0.63 0.87
 Superoxide dismutase, U/mg Hb 1,414 1,398 1,268 1,243 1,270 1,210 27.80 0.16
 Catalase, K/mg Hb 0.7 0.4 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.08 0.63
Serum         
 Total antioxidant capacity, mmol/L 0.8b 1.0a 1.0a 1.0a 0.9a 1.0a 0.02 0.01
 Malondialdehyde, nmol/mL 3.2a 2.5bc 2.2cd 2.1d 2.7b 2.6bc 0.08 0.05
Liver         
 Glutathione Peroxidase, U/mg protein 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 - 0.76
 Superoxide dismutase, U/mg protein 3.6b 4.0ab 3.7b 4.0ab 4.3ab 4.8a 0.12 0.05
 Catalase, K/mg protein 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.03 0.71
 Malondialdehyde, nmol/mL protein 5.3a 4.4ab 3.3bc 2.2c 2.3c 2.5c 0.30 0.01
  1. Habibi et al. [33].
  2. 1Values are the mean of 4 replicates. Control = Basal diet without supplementation; VE 100 = Basal diet plus 100 mg/kg vitamin E; H 7.5 or H 15 = Basal diet plus 7.5 or 15 g/kg of ginger root powder; EO 75 or EO 150 = Basal diet plus 75 or 150 mg/kg of ginger essential oil.
  3. a-dMeans in the same row with different superscripts are significantly different (P < 0.05).