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Table 1 Ingredient, nutrient and fatty acid composition of the dietary treatments

From: Improving beef hamburger quality and fatty acid profiles through dietary manipulation and exploitation of fat depot heterogeneity

Variable Dietary treatments  
Control SS DDGS-15 DDGS-30  
Ingredients, % DM basis      
 Sunflower-seed 0.0 11.4 9.2 7.0  
 Dried distiller’ grains with solubles 0.0 0.0 15.0 30.0  
 Barley grain 25.8 14.4 14.4 14.4  
 Red Clover 70.0 70.0 57.2 44.4  
 Vitamin/mineral supplement1 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2  
Nutrient composition, % DM basis SD
 Dry matter 42.6 40.2 44.2 50.1 4.2
 Crude protein 13.1 13.4 16.5 20.8 3.6
 Crude fat 1.89 6.40 5.80 5.90 2.09
 Calcium 0.86 0.92 0.81 0.69 0.10
 Phosphorus 0.31 0.32 0.41 0.53 0.10
 Acid detergent fibre 33.7 37.0 33.8 28.4 3.6
 Neutral detergent fibre 43.3 48.7 44.5 38.5 4.2
 Digestible Energy, Mcal/kg 2.71 2.57 2.73 2.91 0.14
Fatty acids, % of total fatty acids  
 14:0 0.35 0.17 0.15 0.15 0.10
 16:0 18.8 10.6 11.9 13.5 3.60
 18:0 2.86 4.15 3.67 3.24 0.56
 20:0 1.11 0.65 0.49 0.41 0.31
 22:0 1.29 1.11 0.85 0.71 0.26
 24:0 1.25 0.70 0.52 0.44 0.36
c 9-18:1 9.49 12.4 13.0 13.3 1.75
c 11-18:1 0.93 0.73 0.76 0.78 0.09
 18:3n-3 18.9 7.09 6.26 5.59 6.32
 18:2n-6 39.0 59.6 60.3 60.1 10.5
  1. SS, sunflower-seed; DDGS-15; 15% wheat dried distillers’ grain with solubles + sunflower-seed; DDGS-30, 30% wheat dried distillers’ grain with solubles + sunflower-seed; SD, standard deviation; 1Vitamin/mineral supplement/kg DM contained 1.86% calcium, 0.93% phosphorous, 0.56% potassium, 0.21% sulphur, 0.33% magnesium 0.92% sodium, 265 ppm iron, 314 ppm manganese, 156 ppm copper, 517 ppm zinc, 10.05 ppm iodine, 5.04 ppm cobalt, 2.98 ppm selenium, 49,722 IU/kg vitamin A, 9,944 IU/kg vitamin D3, and 3,222 IU/kg vitamin E.