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Table 1 Two-Wk maternal insulin infusion

From: Changes in fetal mannose and other carbohydrates induced by a maternal insulin infusion in pregnant sheep

Measurement Control Hypoglycemic
Gestational age, d 138.5 ± 0.4 137.5 ± 0.8
Fetal weight, kg 4.37 ± 0.14 3.30 ± 0.18**
Fetal plasma arterial insulin, ng/mL 0.30 ± 0.03 0.11 ± 0.01**
Fetal plasma arterial carbohydrates, μmol/L
 Glucose 1,159 ± 64 594 ± 47**
 Mannose 24.5 ± 1.2 15.9 ± 1.4**
 Inositol 638.5 ± 138.6 1,129.0 ± 256.1
 Sorbitol 123.8 ± 12.7 53.9 ± 10.5**
 Fructose 4771 ± 450 1,909 ± 356**
 Erythritol 399.6 ± 28.1 345.9 ± 20.8
 Arabinol 245.0 ± 11.9 225.3 ± 15.6
 Ribitol 128.1 ± 9.1 148.5 ± 18.8
 Mannitol 72.8 ± 9.7 49.8 ± 10.1
  1. Values are means ± SEM. ** refer to significant differences between Control (n = 13) and Hypoglycemic (n = 8); P < 0.01 by Students t test or the Mann–Whitney test.