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Table 1 Ingredients and chemical composition of basal diets

From: Effect of Saccharomyces cerevisiae on alfalfa nutrient degradation characteristics and rumen microbial populations of steers fed diets with different concentrate-to-forage ratios

Item Dietary concentrate to forage ratios
  30:70 50:50 70:30 90:10
Ingredient, % DM     
  Steam-flaked maize1 13.00 34.00 54.00 74.00
  Soybean curb residue2 15.20 13.90 13.70 13.30
  Maize stalks 57.00 38.00 19.00 1.00
  Chinese ryegrass 4.00 5.00 6.00 6.00
  Alfalfa pellets 9.00 7.00 5.00 3.00
  Salt 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50
  Limestone 0.40 0.70 1.10 1.50
  Dicalcium phosphate 0.20 0.20 0.00 0.00
  Magnesium oxide 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20
  Sodium bicarbonate 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50
Composition, % DM     
  ME, MJ/kg 9.10 10.30 11.70 12.80
  CP 12.70 12.70 12.70 12.80
  aNDF 54.20 42.70 31.60 20.80
  Starch 12.20 26.80 40.90 54.20
  Ca 0.64 0.64 0.63 0.67
  P 0.32 0.34 0.33 0.35
  1. 1Flaking density is 360 g/L.
  2. 2A by-product comes from soybean processed into bean curd which is a kind of food in China.