Skip to main content

Table 1 Diet ingredients (g/kg), analyzed chemical composition (g/kg DM) and gross energy content (MJ/kg DM) of control and experimental diets

From: Chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) and cereals differently affect gut development in broiler chickens and young pigs

  Chicken diets Young pig diets
Items CI CF60 CF120 CII CF80 CF160
Wheat 550 507.5 460 410 370 320
Barley 187.5 170 160 400 360 330
Protein sources 160 160 160 160 160 160
Vegetable fat 30 30 30 10 10 10
Chicory 0 60 120 0 80 160
Premix 2 2 2 4 4 4
Titanium oxide 5 5 5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Others 65.5 65.5 63 13.5 13.5 13.5
Dietary fiber 171 183 196 137 175 196
Klason lignin 19 23 21 27 38 43
NSP 152 160 175 110 137 153
Arabinose 24 26 22 18 19 19
Xylose 40 38 34 37 36 36
Uronic acid 18 27 37 4 17 24
Fructan 20 21 18 8 10 6
Gross energy 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.7 18.4 18.2
  1. CI: control diet in chicken experiment; CF60: 60 g/kg chicory forage; CF120: 120 g/kg chicory forage; CII: control diet in pig experiment; CF80: 80 g/kg chicory forage; CF160: 160 g/kg chicory forage.
  2. For broiler diets, soybean meal was used as protein sources, whereas for young pig diets, a mix of fish meal and potato protein was used.
  3. Premix in chicken experiment: vitamin A, (all-trans retinol) 12000 IU; vitamin D3, 5000 IU; vitamin E, (DL-α-tocopheryl acetate 70 IU); vitamin K3, 4 mg; vitamin B1, 3 mg; vitamin B2,. 8 mg; vitamin B6, 5 mg; vitamin B12, 0.02 mg; Pantothenic acid, 20 mg; Folic acid, 2 mg; Niacin, 60 mg; Biotin, 0.175 mg; Iron, 20 mg; Copper, 15 mg; Cobalt, 0.25 mg; Manganese, 70 mg; Zink, 70 mg; I, 1 mg; Selenium, 0.035 mg; Molybdenum, 0.50 mg. Premix in pig experiment: Ca 3.77 g, P 1.02 g, Mg 3.10 g, K 1.50 g, Na 0.37 g, Cl 0.11 g, S 84.00 g, Fe 120493 mg, Cu 29791 mg, Co 52.62 mg, Mn 24076 mg, Zn (as ZnO4) 134 mg, I 238 mg, Se 476 mg. Vitamins: retinol 5952000 IE, cholecalciferol 595200 IE, α-tocopherol 101190 mg, thiamin 2381 mg, riboflavin 5952 mg, pyroxidine 3750 mg, B12 24 mg, pantothenic acid 11914 mg, nicotinic acid 23810 mg, biotin 2238 mg.
  4. Others in chicken experiment(g): NaCl3, L-lysine 3.5-4, DL-methionine, 4–4.5, monocalciumphosphate, 17.5-18, calcium carbonate, 19.5-20; Others in pig experiment (g): NaCl 2.5, L-lysine-HCL 0.5, DL-methionine 0.5, monocalciumphosphate 5, limestone 5.