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Table 8 Effects of antibiotics, zinc oxide, and eucalyptus-medium chain fatty acids (MCFA) on nutrient digestibility for weaned pigs

From: Alternatives to antibiotics as growth promoters for use in swine production: a review

Items Antibiotics1 ZnO (1,500 ppm) ZnO (2,500 ppm) Eucalyptus-MCFA SEM P
Dry matter 91.74a 90.58b 90.44b 92.17a 0.26 < 0.01
Crude protein 74.18a 72.01a 71.23a 78.93b 1.13 < 0.01
Calcium 56.31a 48.26b 46.75b 65.93c 1.56 <0.01
Phosphorus 54.48a 38.25b 42.77b 66.10b 2.01 <0.01
Energy 82.92a 81.60b 81.00b 86.00c 0.61 < 0.01
Lysine 79.13a 80.25b 78.25a 83.80b 0.88 < 0.01
Methionine 83.94a 80.95b 80.78b 84.23a 0.63 <0.01
Threonine 73.56b 73.57b 73.43b 79.40a 1.40 0.02
  1. Han et al. [65].
  2. 1Tiamulin and lincomycin.
  3. a,bWithin row, means followed by same or no letter do not differ (P>0.05).