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Table 8 Effects of mangosteen peel powder supplement on population of rumen microbes

From: Development of feeding systems and strategies of supplementation to enhance rumen fermentation and ruminant production in the tropics

Substrates Level, g/h/d Protozoa Methanogens RF RA FS Species References
   (+/−) (+/−) (+/−) (+/−) (+/−)   
MP 100 −* nd nd nd nd Beef cattle [52]
MP 100 +* +* +* Native cattle [51]
MP 300 −* nd + + + Dairy cows [20]
  1. Abbreviations: MP mangosteen peel powder, plus symbol, minus symbol increase or decrease from control group, nd not determined, RF ruminococcus flavefaciens, RA ruminococcus albus, FS fibrobactor succinogenes *P < 0.05, significantly different from control group.
  2. + increased, - ─ decr.