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Table 1 Percentage of embryos that reached the blastocyst stage that were classified as early blastocysts (EB), mid blastocyst (MB), expanded blastocyst (ExB), or hatched blastocyst (HB) at 168 h post-insemination.

From: Tumor necrosis factor alpha inhibits in vitro bovine embryo development through a prostaglandin mediated mechanism

Treatment EB MB ExB HB
Control n = 4 replicates, 120 embryos 64.3 ± 3.2% 26.2 ± 2.2% 9.5 ± 0.6% 0
25 ng/mL TNFα n = 4 replicates, 130 embryos 68.8 ± 3.4% 31.2 ± 2.4% 0 0
25 ng/mL TNFα plus 1 μg/mL Indomethacin n = 4 replicates, 130 embryos 40.3 ± 2.5% 43.6 ± 2.5% 16.1 ± 1.4% 0