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Table 1 Major porcine Gram-negative bacilli and diseases

From: Immunogenomics for identification of disease resistance genes in pigs: a review focusing on Gram-negative bacilli

Causal bacterium Family; Genus Pig diseases Reference
Salmonella enterica (S. enterica) (serovar Choleraesuis and Typhimurium) Enterobacteriaceae; Salmonella common diseases with diarrhea and enterocolitis [34, 35]
Escherichia coli (E. coli) Enterobacteriaceae; Escherichia diarrhea, hemorrhagic colitis (HC), and hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) [36, 37]
Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) Enterobacteriaceae; Klebsiella diarrhea, septicaemia, sudden death especially in preweaned pigs [38, 39]
Yersinia species (Y. pseudotuberculosis; Y. enterocolitica) Enterobacteriaceae; Yersinia enteritis (or diarrhea) [4042]
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (A. pleuropneumoniae) Pasteurellaceae; Actinobacillus fibrinohemorrhagic necrotizing bronchopneumonia, fibrinous pleuritis, acute pleuropneumonia mainly in growing pigs [31, 32]
Haemophilus parasuis (H. parasuis) Pasteurellaceae; Haemophilus Glässer's disease, acute pneumoniae and acute septicaemia [33]
Lawsonia intracellularis (L. intracellularis) Desulfovibrionaceae; Lawsonia chronic diarrhea in young growing pigs, proliferative hemorrhagic enteropathy (PHE) [43, 44]
Campylobacter coli (C. coli) Campylobacteraceae; Campylobacter enteritis [45]